School of Environment

 



Dr Chris de Freitas

 

Job title: Associate Professor, Head of Postgraduate Research
Phone: +64 9 923 5283
Office: Rm 557, Human Sciences Building 201N,10 Symonds Street, Auckland
Postal: School of Environment, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand 1142
Email: c.defreitas@auckland.ac.nz

Qualifications

BA (Hons), MA (Toronto), PhD (Queensland)

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Biography

Chris de Freitas received his early education in Trinidad in the West Indies. He completed Bachelors and Masters degrees at the University of Toronto in Canada and a PhD at the University of Queensland in Australia as a Commonwealth Doctoral Scholar.

During his time at the University of Auckland he has served as Deputy Dean of Science, Head of Science and Technology at the Tamaki campus and four years as Pro Vice Chancellor. He has been Vice President of the Meteorological Society of New Zealand and is a founding member of the Australia New Zealand Climate Forum. Currently he is Vice President of the International Society of Biometeorology. For 10 years he was an editor of the international journal 'Climate Research'. Chris was an expert reviewer of the 1995 and the 2001 Scientific Assessment Reports of United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the UK Department of the Environment 1996 Report 'Potential Effects of Climate Change in the United Kingdom'.

Chris de Freitas is an advocate of open and well informed reporting on scientific issues and has written extensively in newspapers and magazines and regularly gives public addresses on a variety of environment-related themes, including air quality, flood and drought hazards, environmental conservation and climate change. In recognition of this, he has three times been the recipient of the New Zealand Association of Scientists, Science Communicator Award, and once the recipient of a New Zealand Association of Scientists Science Communicator Merit Award.

 

Top
Most Recent Publications

Chris de Freitas’ research interests cover a variety of themes in the area of climate and the environment.  A list of publications categorised below gives an indication of the scope of his work.

  • Books
  • Applied Climatology
  • Bioclimatology
  • Climatology and Meteorology - General
  • Environmental Change
  • Microclimatology
  • Media Commentaries
  • Reviews

 

Books

de Freitas, C.R. and  Perry, M., 2012. New Environmentalism: Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity. Springer: Dordrecht, 308 pages. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-8254-2. ISBN 978-1-4020-8253-5. http://www.springer.com/978-1-4020-8253-5)

Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (Eds.) 2007: Developments in Tourism Climatology. Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. International Society of Biometeorology. ISBN 978-3-00-024110-9.  http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws3/report.htm

Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (Eds.), 2004. Advances in Tourism Climatology. Berichte des Meteorologischen Institutes der Universität Freiburg, Nr. 12, 260 pages. ISBN 0-1435-618-X. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws2/report.htm

 

Applied Climatology

de Freitas C.R, 2014. Weather and place-based human behaviour: recreational preferences and sensitivity. International Journal of Biometeorology. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-014-0824-6

Kularatne K.I.A. and de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Epiphytic lichens as biomonitors of airborne heavy metal pollution. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 88, 24-32. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.02.010

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.02.010

Gillies, M.J. and de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Microclimate and effects of visitor numbers and ventilation on carbon dioxide concentrations in the Waitomo Glowworm Cave, New Zealand. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Biometeorology, Auckland, New Zealand, 4-7 December 2011, 7 pp.

Grigorieva, E.A and de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Assessing biometeorological impacts of short-term adaptation to thermal extremes. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Biometeorology, Auckland, New Zealand, 4-7 December 2011, 6 pp.

de Freitas, C. R. and Matzarakis, A., 2010: Gauging the sensitivity of tourism climate to change by way of an integrated thermal bioclimatic assessment scheme. In: Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H. and Chmielewski, F.-M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Biometeorology. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg, No. 20, 374-379.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. ‘Recent Developments in Tourism Climatology’. YIES Conference Report, Tourism and Climate, Yamanashi Institute of Environmental Sciences, Yamanashi, Japan, September 27, 2008, R-01-09, pp. 1-22 (in English and Japanese). ISSN 1347-3654.

de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. and McBoyle, G., 2008. A second generation climate index for tourism (CIT): specification and verification. International Journal of Biometeorology, 52 (5), 399-407. ISSN: 0020-7128. http://www.springerlink.com/content/w2757p897l332833/fulltext.pdf

Scott, D., S. Gössling, S. and de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Preferred climates for tourism: cases studies from Canada, New Zealand and Sweden. Climate Research, 38, 61-73.  http://www.int-res.com/articles/cr2008/38/c038p061.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. New generation tourism climate indicators: assessing climate and climate preferences and sensitivity as factors in tourism demand. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Biometeorology, September 22-26, 2008, Tokyo, Japan, Tour‑S01 ICB2008.

Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.) 2007. Developments in Tourism Climatology. Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. International Society of Biometeorology. ISBN: 978-3-00-024110-9. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws3/report.htm

de Freitas, C.R., Matzarakis, A. and Scott, D., 2007. Climate, tourism and recreation: research progress a decade on. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.), 2007. Developments in Tourism Climatology. Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. International Society of Biometeorology. ISBN: 978-3-00-024110-9. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws3/report.htm

Scott, D., Gossling, S and de Freitas, C.R., A., 2007. Defining optimal climatic conditions for tourism: A cross cultural comparison. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.), 2007. Developments in Tourism Climatology. Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. International Society of Biometeorology. ISBN: 978-3-00-024110-9. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws3/report.htm

de Freitas, C.R. and Matzarakis, A., 2007. Sensitivity of thermal conditions for tourism to climate change and variability: A comparison of regional scale case studies. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.), 2007. Developments in Tourism Climatology. Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. International Society of Biometeorology. ISBN: 978-3-00-024110-9. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws3/report.htm

de Freitas, C.R., Scott D. and McBoyle, G., 2005. Specification and verification of a new generation climate index for tourism. In: Annalen der Meteorologie, (17th International Congress of Biometeorology, ICB 2005), Deutscher Wetterdienst, 41 (2), 600-603. ISSN 4122, ISBN 3-88148-405-1

de Freitas, C.R. and Matzarakis, A., 2005. Recent developments in tourism climatology [Neueste Entwicklungen in der Tourismus-Klimatologie] Bulletin of the German Meteorological Society [Deutsche Meteorologische Gesellschaft]. Mitt. DMG 1/2005, 2 4. ISSN 0177-8501. http://www.dmg-ev.de/gesellschaft/publikationen/pdf/dmg-mitteilungen/2005_1.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. The climate-tourism relationship and its relevance to climate change impact assessment. Chapter 2 in C. Michael Hall and James Higham (eds), Tourism, Recreation and Climate Change, Channel View Publications, Clevedon, NY, pp. 29 43. ISBN 1-84541-004-1

Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D., 2004. Tourism and recreation climatology. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.). Advances in Tourism Climatology. Wiss. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg Nr. 12, 6-10. ISSN 1435-618X. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws2/report.htm

de Freitas, C.R, Scott D. and McBoyle, G., 2004. A new generation climate index for tourism. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.). Advances in Tourism Climatology. Wiss. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg Nr. 12, 19-27. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws2/report.htm

de Freitas, C.R, 2004. Methods of sensitivity analysis for assessing impacts of climate change on tourism at the regional scale. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.). Advances in Tourism Climatology. Berichte des Meteorologischen Institutes der Universität Freiburg, Nr. 12, 116-122. [Wiss. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg Nr. 12, 116-122.] ISSN 1435-618X http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws2/report.htm

Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R., Scott, D. (eds.), 2004. Advances in Tourism Climatology. Berichte des Meteorologischen Institutes der Universität Freiburg, Nr. 12, 260 pp. ISBN 0-1435-618-X. http://www.mif.uni-freiburg.de/isb/ws2/report.htm

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Tourism climatology: evaluating environmental information for decision making and business planning in the recreation and tourism sector. International Journal of Biometeorology, 48 (1), 45-54. http://www.springerlink.com/content/egj7dwgp95ymyt8d/fulltext.pdf

Matzarakis, A. and C.R. de Freitas (eds.), 2002. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. Porto Carras, Halkidiki, Greece, October 2001. International Society of Biometeorology, Commission on Climate Tourism and Recreation. Porto Carras, Halkidiki, Greece, 18 WP, 150 pp.

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Theory, concepts and methods in tourism climate research. In: A. Matzarakis and C.R. de Freitas (eds.), Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Climate, Tourism and Recreation. Porto Carras, Greece, October 2001. International Society of Biometeorology, Commission on Climate Tourism and Recreation. Porto Carras, Halkidiki, Greece, WP01, 3-20.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. Recreation climate assessment using behavioural criteria. Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Biometeorology and International Conference on Urban Climatology, Sydney, 331-337.

de Freitas, C.R., N.W, Goulding, R.G. Scoble, and G.D. Silver, 1991.  Regional climate and water resources of low lying islands in the Southwest Pacific. In: J.E. Hay (ed.) South Pacific Environments: Interactions with Weather and Climate, Conference Proceedings, UNESCO, MSNZ, Env. Sci. Pub. No.6, 67-70.

de Freitas, C.R., 1990. Recreation climate assessment. International Journal of Climatology, 10, 89‑103.

de Freitas, C.R., 1975.  Estimation of the disruptive impact of snowfall in urban areas.  Journal of Applied Meteorology, 14, 1166‑1173.

 

Bioclimatology

de Freitas, C.R. and Grigorieva, E.A, 2014. A comprehensive catalogue and classification of human thermal climate indices. International Journal of Biometeorology. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-014-0819-3

de Freitas, C.R. and Grigorieva, E.A, 2014. The impact of acclimatization on thermophysiological strain for contrasting regional climates. International Journal of Biometeorology. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-014-0813-9

de Freitas, C. R. and Grigorieva, E.A, 2010: Prediction of acclimatization thermal loading for individuals travelling between climatic extremes. In: Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H. and Chmielewski, F.-M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Biometeorology. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg, No. 20, 364-369.

de Freitas, C.R and E. A. Grigorieva, 2009. The Acclimatization Thermal Strain Index (ATSI): A preliminary study of the methodology applied to climatic conditions of the Russian Far East. International Journal of Biometeorology, 53, 307-315.  DOI 10.1007/s00484-009-0215-6.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/e9jx242304048g41/fulltext.pdf

Grigorieva, E.A. and de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Application of the Acclimatization Thermal Strain Index for Tourism. YIES Conference Report, Tourism and Climate, Yamanashi Institute of Environmental Sciences, Yamanashi, Japan, September 27, 2008, R-01-09, pp. 52-59 (in English and Japanese). ISSN 1347‑3654.

de Freitas C.R.and Grigorieva E.A., 2008. Two approaches for assessment of human thermal bioclimate: Case of the Russian Far East. Second International Conference: “Present Problems of Regional Development”, October, 6-9, 2008. Birobidzhan: Institute for Complex Analysis of Regional Problems, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Science, 2008, pp. 143-145. (in English and in Russian).

Frost, D.B., A. Auliciems and C.R.de Freitas, 1992. Myocardial infarct death and temperature in Auckland, New Zealand. International Journal of Biometeorology, 36, 14‑17. http://www.springerlink.com/content/qr43t3l03h53231q/fulltext.pdf

de Freitas, C.R. and M.G. Ryken, 1989. Climate and physiological heat strain during exercise. International Journal of Biometeorology, 33, 157‑164. http://www.springerlink.com/content/x5124866t3868748/fulltext.pdf

de Freitas, C.R. and L.V. Symon, 1987. A bioclimatic index of human survival times in the Antarctic. Polar Record, 23 (147), 651‑659.

de Freitas, C.R., 1987. Bioclimates of heat and cold stress in New Zealand. Weather and Climate, 7, 55-60.

Dawson, N.J., C.R. de Freitas, W.J. Mackey and A.A. Young, 1987. The stressful microclimate created by massed fun-runners. Heat Stress: Physical Exertion and Environment, J.R.S. Hales and D.A.B. Richards (eds.), Excerpta Medica, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 77-82.

Dawson, N.J., C.R. de Freitas, W.J. Mackey and A.A. Young, 1987.  The stressful microclimate created by massed fun-runners. In Transactions of the Menzies Foundation, Vol. 14, J.R. Hales and D.A. Richards (eds.), Menzies Foundation, Melbourne, 41‑44.

de Freitas, C.R., 1986. Human Thermal Climates of New Zealand. New Zealand Meteorological Service, Ministry of Transport, Misc. Pub. 190, Wellington, 84 pp.

de Freitas, C.R., N.J. Dawson, A.A. Young and W.J. Mackey, 1985. Microclimate and heat stress of runners in mass participation events. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology (Journal of Applied Meteorology), 24, 184‑191. http://ams.allenpress.com/archive/1520-0450/24/2/pdf/i1520-0450-24-2-184.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 1985. Assessment of human bioclimate based on thermal response.  International Journal of Biometeorology, 29, 97‑119.

Dawson, N.J., C.R. de Freitas, W.J. Mackey and A.A. Young, 1983.  Bioclimate of mass‑participation fun run. Proceedings of the International Union of Physiological Sciences, XV, 53.

de Freitas, C.R., 1979. Human climates of Northern China: commentary and discussion.  Atmospheric Environment, 13, 747‑748.

de Freitas, C.R., 1979. Human climates of northern China. Atmospheric Environment, 13, 71‑77.

de Freitas, C.R., 1976.  An approach towards a unitary thermal description of cold environments in terms of man.  Capricornia, 7, 10‑20.

Auliciems, A. and C.R. de Freitas, 1976. Cold stress in Canada: a human climatic classification. International Journal of Biometeorology, 20, 287‑294. http://www.springerlink.com/content/j228l2x706037312/fulltext.pdf

Auliciems, A., C.R. de Freitas and F.K. Hare, 1973. Winter Clothing Requirements for Canada. Climatological Studies, No. 22, Atmospheric Environment Service, Environment Canada, Toronto, 80pp.

 

Climatology and Meteorology - General

Grigorieva, E. A. and de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Temporal dynamics of precipitation in an extreme mid-latitude monsoonal climate. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI 10.1007/s00704-013-0925-x

Tigona, R.S. and de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Relationship between the Southern Oscillation and rainfall in Vanuatu. Weather and Climate, 32(1), 43-50. http://www.metsoc.org.nz/publications/journals

Grigorieva, E.A., Matzarakis, A. and de Freitas, C.R., 2010. Analysis of the growing degree days as a climate impact indicator in a region with extreme annual air temperature amplitude. Climate Research, 42, 143–154. doi: 10.3354/cr00888

Kularatne K.I.A and de Freitas, C.R., 2010. Epiphytic lichens as biomonitors of airborne heavy metals in the Greater Auckland Region, New Zealand. In: Wuyts, K., Samson, R., De Maerschalck, B., Kardel, F., Janssen, S., and Engelen, M. (Eds.). Proceedings of the International Conference on Local Air Quality and its Interactions with Vegetation, January 21-22, 2010, CCC Elzenveld, Antwerp, Belgium, 150-154.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 192-194. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Desertification. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 304-307. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Dewpoint. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor,  Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 309-310. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. El Niño-Southern Oscillation. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor,  Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 367-370. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Friends of Science. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 458-459. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Global surface temperature. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 510. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Latent heat flux. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 665-666. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Lavoisier Group. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 666. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 765. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Bowen’s Ratio. In: StevenI. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. VolumeI, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 146. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Heat, Sensible. Encyclopaedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Philander, S.G. and Golson, J.G. (Lead Editors), SAGE Publications, Newbury Park, CA, 500‑501. ISBN 9781412958783. http://www.sagepub.com/booksProdDesc.nav?prodId=Book232005&

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Climate Data: Instrumental Record. Encyclopaedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Philander, S.G. and Golson, J.G. (Lead Editors), SAGE Publications, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 236-237. ISBN 9781412958783. http://www.sagepub.com/booksProdDesc.nav?prodId=Book232005&

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Climatic Data, Historical Records. Encyclopaedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Philander, S.G. and Golson, J.G. (Lead Editors), SAGE Publications, Newbury Park, CA, pp. 231-233. ISBN 9781412958783. http://www.sagepub.com/booksProdDesc.nav?prodId=Book232005&

Khan, B.A., de Freitas, C.R and Shooter, D., 2007. Application of synoptic weather typing to an investigation of nocturnal ozone concentration at a maritime location, New Zealand, Atmospheric Environment, 41, 5636–5646. ISSN 1352-2310.

de Freitas, C. R., 2006. Extreme weather events. Chapter 11 in Stefan Gössling and C. Michael Hall, (eds), Tourism and Global Environmental Change: Ecological, Social, Economic and Political Interrelationships. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxford, UK, pp. 195-210.  ISBN 0-415-36131-1

de Freitas, C. R., 2005. Weather. In: Incredible Science, A. Brook (Editor), Penguin, Auckland, 24-25. ISBN 0 14 351999 9

Power, H.C., C.R. de Freitas and J.E. Hay, 1992. Relative effects of climate and source strength on atmospheric lead concentrations in Auckland, New Zealand. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 45, 127‑138.

de Freitas, C.R. and K.M. Wells, 1982. Reassessment of weather forecast terminology and content. Weather and Climate, 2, 16‑22.

de Freitas, C.R., 1979.  Dispersion of pollutants.  In Spatial, Temporal and Human Dimensions of Air Pollution in Brisbane, A. Auliciems (ed.), Publications in Geography, University of Queensland, 3, 34‑62.

Auliciems, A. and C.R. de Freitas 1974.  The Atmospheric Pollution Potential of the Samford Basin.  Environmental Impact Planning Report, Pine Rivers Shire, Queensland, 55 pp.

 

de Freitas, C.R., 1973. Tornado Occurrence in Brisbane: A Research Framework. Department of Geography, University of Queensland, 22pp.

 

Environmental Change

Kärner, O. and de Freitas, C.R, 2014. Detecting climate variability signals in long air temperature records. International Journal of Climatology. 34, 1737-1740. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3797

de Freitas, C.R., Helbig, M. and Matzarakis, A., 2014. Hydroclimatic assessment of water resources of low Pacific islands: evaluating sesnsitivity to climatic change and variability. International Journal of Climatology, 34, 881-892.DOI: 10.1002/joc.3731

de Freitas, C.R. and McLean, J.D., 2013. Update of the chronology of natural signals in the near-surface mean global temperature record and the Southern Oscillation Index. International Journal of Geosciences, 4(1), 234-239. http://www.scirp.org/journal/ijg/

Kärner O. and de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Modeling long-term variability in daily temperature time series for Southern Hemisphere stations. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 17(3), 221-229. DOI: 10.1007/s10666-011-9269-z

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Climatic data: Historical records. In: S. George Philander, Lead Editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, 2nd edition, SAGE Publication, Thousand Oaks, CA, Vol. 2, pp. 311-313.

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Climatic data: Instrumental record. In: S. George Philander, Lead Editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, 2nd edition, SAGE Publication, Thousand Oaks, CA, Vol. 2, pp. 316-317.

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Sensible heat. In: S. George Philander, Lead Editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, 2nd edition, SAGE Publication, Thousand Oaks, CA, Vol. 2, pp. 716-717.

Helbig, M., de Freitas, C.R. and Matzarakis, A., 2011. Derivation of a climatic dataset for water balance modelling of Pacific atolls. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 20 (5), 565-570.

de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Droughts. In: Craig W. Allin (ed), Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues, 2nd edition, Salem Press, Pasadena, CA, pp. 378-371.

de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Pacific Islands overview. In: Craig W. Allin (ed), Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues, 2nd edition, Salem Press, Pasadena, CA, pp. 952-955.

de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Climate change skeptics. In: Craig W. Allin (ed), Encyclopedia of Environmental Issues, 2nd edition, Salem Press, Pasadena, CA, pp. 257-258.

Helbig, M, de Freitas, C. R. and Matzarakis, A., 2010: Water resources of Pacific atolls: evaluating sensitivity to climatic change and variability. In: Matzarakis, A., Mayer, H. and Chmielewski, F.-M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Biometeorology. Ber. Meteorol. Inst. Univ. Freiburg, No. 20, 553-558.

McLean, J. D., de Freitas, C.R. and Carter, R.M., 2009. Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature,  Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D14104, doi:10.1029/2008JD011637. http://www.agu.org/journals/jd/jd0914/2008JD011637/2008JD011637.pdf

McLean, J. D., C. R. de Freitas, and R. M. Carter, 2009. Correction to ‘‘Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature’’, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D20101, doi:10.1029/2009JD013006. ISSN 0148–0227

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 192-194. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Desertification. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 304-307. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

 

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. El Niño-Southern Oscillation. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor,  Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume I, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 367-370. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Friends of Science. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, pages 458-459. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Global surface temperature. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 510. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Lavoisier Group. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 666. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change. In: Steven I. Dutch, editor, Encyclopedia of Global Warming. Volume II, Salem Press, Pasadena, California, page 765. ISBN: 978-1-58765-563-0.

Scott, D., de Freitas, C.R. and Matzarakis, A., 2009. Adaptation in the Tourism and Recreation Sector. Chapter 8 in: Kristie L. Ebi, K.L., Burton I., and McGregor, G.R. (eds), Biometeorology for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change, Springer, Netherlands, pp 171-194. ISBN 978-1-4020-8920-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8921-3 (Online). http://www.springerlink.com/content/jl72335576847531/fulltext.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Adaptation and Water Resources. Chapter 9 in: Kristie L. Ebi, K.L., Burton I., and McGregor, G.R. (eds), Biometeorology for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change, Springer, Netherlands, pp 195-210. ISBN 978-1-4020-8920-6 (Print) 978-1-4020-8921-3 (Online). http://www.springerlink.com/content/t03w3229n0r73237/fulltext.pdf

Holland, D., Carter, R.M., de Freitas, C.R., Goklany, I.M. and Lindzen, R.S., 2007. Climate Change: Response to Simmonds and Steffen. World Economics, 8 (2), 143-151. ISSN 1468-1838. http://members.iinet.net.au/%7Eglrmc/WE%20Riposte%20to%20Simmonds%20Critique.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. Environmental change and climatic hazards in the Pacific islands region.  Kyoto Symposium on the Pacific Environment: Problems and Perspectives, 24-27 August, 2006, Bukkyo University, Kyoto, Japan. New Zealand Studies Society, Japan, pp 86-108.

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. Perspectives on global warming science. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Environment Foundation, 8-9 September 2007, Rydges Conference Centre, Carlton, Melbourne, Australia. http://www.aefweb.info/data/DeFreitas.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. Climate change: what to expect. Proceedings of the Romeo Bragato New Zealand Wine Industry Annual Conference, 24 August, 2007, Auckland, 117-123.

Carter, R.M., de Freitas, C.R., Goklany, I.M., Holland, D. and Lindzen, R.S., 2007. Climate Science and the Stern Review. World Economics, 8 (2), 161-182. ISSN 1468-1838. http://members.iinet.net.au/%7Eglrmc/WE%20Riposte%20to%20Critique.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2006. Climate of dissent. Environment and Nature in New Zealand, Vol. 1, No. 3, 4-6.

Carter, R.M., de Freitas, C.R., Goklany, I.M., Holland, D. and Lindzen, R.S., 2006. The Stern Review: A Dual Critique. Part I: The Science. World Economics, 7 (4), 165-232. ISSN 1468-1838. http://www.staff.livjm.ac.uk/spsbpeis/WE-STERN.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Greenhouse predictions versus climate realities. New Zealand Geographic, 64, July-August, 6‑8.

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Perceived change in risk of natural disasters caused by global warming. Engineering World, 13 (1), 36-39. http://www.engaust.com.au/magazines/ew/ewbackissues.html

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Are observed changes in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere really dangerous? Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 50 (2), 297-327. http://bcpg.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/50/2/297 

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Perceived change in risk of natural disasters caused by global warming. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 17 (3), 34-38. Republished in Engineering World, 13 (1), 2003. http://www.ema.gov.au/agd/EMA/rwpattach.nsf/viewasattachmentpersonal/(85FE07930A2BB4482E194CD03685A8EB)~6freitasWEMA-6.pdf/$file/6freitasWEMA-6.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Tourism climatology: the way forward. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83 (12), 1754-1755.

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Methods of sensitivity analysis to assess impacts of climate change on water resources at the regional scale. In: M.A Falchi and A. Omodei Zorini (eds.), ECAC 2000 - Tools for the Environment and Man of the Year 2000. Proceedings of the Third

European Conference on Applied Climatology, Pisa, Italy, October 2000. Institute of Agrometeorology and Environmental Analysis, Florence, Italy. OS 1, 12.

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Global Warming as a classroom topic: New perspectives on the climate change debate. New Zealand Journal of Geography, 110, 16-23.

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Greenhouse: a diversion from environmental needs. PESA Bulletin. 12.99/01.00, 57-60.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. Uncertainty in science: What should we believe? The Professional Geologist (US), 37 (1), 5-7. Republished in: Reservoir (Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists) 26 (10), 24-27.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. The science of greenhouse guessing. Reservoir (Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists) 26 (9), 22-28. http://www.cspg.org/publications/pubs-reservoir.cfm

de Freitas, C.R., 1996. IPCC '95 and beyond: current scientific knowledge and its relevance to New Zealand. In Climate Change - IPCC '95 and Beyond: Current Scientific Knowledge and its Relevance to New Zealand. Royal Society of New Zealand, Miscellaneous Series 32, 26‑28.

de Freitas, C.R., 1994. A critical appraisal of the global warming debate. New Zealand Geographer, 50 (1), 30-33.

de Freitas, C.R., 1994. Theories on progressive desiccation and desertification: reassessing the drought hazard. Weather and Climate, 14, 11-21.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991. The greenhouse crisis: myths and misconceptions. Area (Institute of British Geographers), 23 (1), 11-19.

Fowler, A.M. and C.R. de Freitas, 1990. Climate impact studies from scenarios: help or hindrance? Weather and Climate, 10, 3‑10.

de Freitas, C.R. and A.M. Fowler, 1989. Identifying sensitivity to climatic change at the regional scale: the New Zealand example. Proceedings of 15th. Conference New Zealand Geographical Society, R. Welch (ed.), New Zealand Geographical Society Conference Series, No. 15, Dunedin, 254‑261.

Fowler, A.M. and C.R. de Freitas, 1989. Research methods in climate change impact assessment: coping with inadequate forecasts of future climate change. Proceedings of 15th. Conference New Zealand Geographical Society, R. Welch (ed.), New Zealand Geographical Society Conference Series, No. 15, Dunedin, 262-270.

de Freitas, C.R., 1989. The hazard potential of drought for the population of the Sahel. In Population and Disaster, J.I. Clark, P. Curson, S.L. Kayasha and P. Nag (eds.), Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 98‑113.

de Freitas, C.R., 1988.  Assessment of the biophysical effects of climatic change in New Zealand. Human Dynamics of Climatic Change in New Zealand: Research Needs and Strategies. SSRFC, Ministry for the Environment and UNESCO MAB Programme, 3, 1‑20.

de Freitas, C.R., 1987. Perspectives on the impact of short-term climatic change in New Zealand. New Zealand Geographer, 43, 169-176.

de Freitas, C.R., 1984.  Drought and desertification in Africa.  Meteorological Society of New Zealand Newsletter, 19, 1‑4.

de Freitas, C.R., 1981. Catastrophe theory and catastasis – reply and commentary.  Area (Institute of British Geographers), 13, 22‑24.

de Freitas, C.R. and E. Woolmington, 1980. Catastrophe theory and catastasis. Area (Institute of British Geographers), 12 (2), 191‑194.

Woolmington, E., C.R. de Freitas and C. Adrian, 1979.  The whiplash effect and associated phenomena. In Proceedings of the 10th New Zealand Geographical Society Conference/49th ANZAAS Congress, Section 21, W. Moran, P. Hosking and G. Aitken (eds.), New Zealand Geographical Society, 67‑71.

de Freitas, C.R., 1975. Estimation of the disruptive impact of snowfall in urban areas. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 14, 1166‑1173.

Harris, R.C., P. Roulston and C.R. de Freitas, 1975. The settlement of Mono Township. Canadian Geographer, 19, 1‑17.

de Freitas, C.R., 1972.  The snow hazard.  In National Review of Natural Hazards, Canada, I. Burton and N. Erickson (eds.), 22nd International Geographical Union, Commission on Man and the Environment, 62‑79.

de Freitas, C.R., 1972.  The avalanche hazard.  In National Review of Natural Hazards, Canada, I. Burton and N. Erickson (eds.), 22nd International Geographical Union, Commission on Man and the Environment, 80‑94.

de Freitas, C.R., 1970.  Transportation hazards of snow and ice and their management.  In Essays in Environmental Climatology, A. Auliciems and F.K. Hare (eds.), University of Toronto, Department of Geography, Research Paper Series, 4, 33‑70.

 

Microclimatology

de Freitas, C.R., 2010. Role and importance of cave microclimate in the sustainable use and management of commercial show caves. Acta Carsologica, 39 (3), 477-489.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Importance of cave climate in the sustainable management of tourist caves. Cave Climate: 17th International Karstological School – Guide Book and Abstracts, Gabrovšek, F. and Mihevc, A. (eds.), Karst Research Institute, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Postojna, Slovenia, 15‑20 June 2009, pp.57-58. (Extended abstract of keynote address)

de Freitas, C.R. and A. Schmekal,, 2006. Studies of condensation/evaporation processes in the Glowworm Cave, New Zealand. International Journal of Speleology, 35 (2), 75‑81. ISSN 0392-6672

de Freitas, C.R.  and A. Schmekal, 2005. Prediction of condensation in caves. Speleogenesis and Evolution of Karst Aquifers, 3 (2), 9 pages. http://speleogenesis.info/pdf/SG8/SG8_artId3281.pdf

Amar, T. and de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Microclimate of a mid-latitude tourist cave. In: Cave Management in Australasia XVI. Proceedings of the Sixteenth Australasian Conference on Cave and Karst Management, 10-17 April 2005, Wesport, New Zealand.

de Freitas, C.R. and A.A. Schmekal, 2003. Condensation as a microclimate process: Measurement and prediction in the Glowworm Tourist Cave, New Zealand.’ International Journal of Climatology, 23 (5), 557-575.

de Freitas, C.R. and Banbury, K., 1999. Build up and diffusion of carbon dioxide in cave air in relation to visitor numbers at the Glowworm Cave, New Zealand. In: Cave Management in Australasia XIII. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Australasian Conference on Cave and Karst Management, Mount Gambier, South Australia. Australasian Cave and Karst Management Association, Carlton South, Victoria, 84‑89.

de Freitas, C.R., 1998. Cave monitoring and management: The Glowworm Cave, New Zealand. In: Cave and Karst Management in Australasia XII. Proceedings of the Twelfth Australasian Conference on Cave and Karst Management, Waitomo, Australasian Cave and Karst Management Association, Carlton South, Victoria, 55-66.

de Freitas, C.R., 1998. Cave monitoring and management: The Glowworm Cave, New Zealand. In: Cave and Karst Management in Australasia XII. Proceedings of the Twelfth Australasian Conference on Cave and Karst Management, Australasian Cave and Karst Management Association, Carlton South, Victoria, 55-66.

de Freitas, C.R., 1996. Management of the Glowworm Cave - Automated Environmental Monitoring: Recommendations and Management Strategies. Report to THC Waitomo Caves, the Waitomo Caves Management Committee and Department of Conservation. UniServices, Auckland, Report No. 6694, 32pp.

de Freitas, C.R. and N. J. Enright, 1995. Microclimate differences between and within canopy gaps in a temperate rainforest. International Journal of Biometeorology, 38, 188‑193. http://www.springerlink.com/content/p48k15375756333r/fulltext.pdf

Enright, N.J., R.M. Bartlett and C.R. de Freitas, 1993. Patterns of species composition, recruitment and growth within canopy gaps in two New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) forests. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 31, 361-373.

de Freitas, C.R., 1990.  Climate of the Glowworm Cave, Waitomo, 1981-1989: Analysis and Recommendations. Research Report to the Tourist Hotel Corporation, Waitomo Caves Management Plan, 12.

de Freitas, C.R. and R.N. Littlejohn, 1987. Cave climate: assessment of heat and moisture exchange. International Journal of Climatology, 7, 553-569. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/113490560/PDFSTART

de Freitas, C.R. and N.J. Enright, 1985.  Canopy Gap Microclimate Investigation, Trounson Kauri Park, Northland.  Department of Lands and Survey, Wellington, 45 pp.

de Freitas, C.R., R.N. Littlejohn, T.S. Clarkson and I.S. Kristament, 1982. Cave climate: assessment of airflow and ventilation. International Journal of Climatology, 2, 383‑397.

 

Media Commentaries

 

de Freitas, C.R., 2014. Weather forecasts are fickle so let’s prepare for the worst. New Zealand Herald, April 29, 2014.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=11245734

de Freitas, C.R., 2014. Coastal property rules and sea level rise. New Zealand Herald, January 15, 2014.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11186369

de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Human interference real threat to Pacific atolls. New Zealand Herald, December 4, 2013.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=11166377

de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Our humble cows help make the world a cooler place. New Zealand Herald, October 16, 2013, page A29.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=11140582

de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Scare proves fragility of precious 'pure' brand. New Zealand Herald, August 14, 2013, page A28.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10911995

de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Science behind alarmist global warming claims. New Zealand Herald, May 27, 2013, page A27. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10886282

de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Wildfires an underestimated effect of drought. New Zealand Herald, March 4, 2013, page A30.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10868977

de Freitas, C.R., 2013. Inaccurate prediction of natural hazards more harmful than no prediction. New Zealand Herald, January 14, 2013, page A27. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10858877

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. New Zealand Tornadoes: Focus should be on plans as well as predictions. New Zealand Herald, December  8, 2012, page A6. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10852722

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Lack of confidence undermines carbon market. National Business Review, September 28, 2012, page 13.

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Global warming: Court no substitute for science. New Zealand Herald, September 11, 2012, page A30.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10833106

de Freitas, C.R. and Perry, M., 2012. Environment index is here to stay. National Business Review, July 20, 2012, page 12.

de Freitas, C.R., 2012. Desert's advance a mix of human and natural causes: Aid not enough if societies seen only as victims of external forces. New Zealand Herald, January 10, 2012, page A9.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10777644

de Freitas, C.R., 2011. The Great Climate Debate; Nature is the Key. New Zealand Herald, July 26, 2011, page A9.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10740806

de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Science of flood prediction fraught with uncertainty. New Zealand Herald, January 24, 2011, page A11.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10701559

de Freitas, C.R., 2011. Emotion clouding underlying science of global warming. New Zealand Herald, January 5, 2011, page A11.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10697845

de Freitas, C.R., 2010. Best approach to earthquakes is to lessen vulnerability: risk management planning can help society in practical and economic ways. New Zealand Herald, September 6, 2010, page A13. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10671318

de Freitas, C.R., 2010. Carbon scheme may be costly symbol: ramifications of emission trading. New Zealand Herald, May 31, 2010, page A11. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10648525

de Freitas, C.R., 2010. A car is not an alternative to a baby sitter: the health dangers of leaving a child locked in a vehicle [thermal extremes in cars]. New Zealand Herald, January 8, 2010, page A11. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10618909

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Climate Change, COP15 Copenhagen: Why those emails are a scandal. National Business Review, December 11, 2009, page 7.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Running hot and cold: Facts about global warming are not always gospel. New Zealand Herald, Green Pages: Environment. November 16, 2009, page A8. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/environment/news/article.cfm?c_id=39&objectid=10609518&pnum=0

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. The high cost of being unprepared.  New Zealand Herald, October 5, 2009, page A11. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10601261&pnum=0

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Prologue to Copenhagen. New Zealand Centre for Political Research, October 3, 2009. http://www.nzcpr.com/guest166.htm

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Bias or blindness…emission targets. Energy NZ, Issue 10, Spring 2009, pp. 48-49, Contrafed Publishing, Auckland.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. The lost science of climatology. National Business Review, July 17, 2009, page 19.

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. We need to be listening to science. New Zealand Herald, May 1, 2009, page A13. <http://www.nzherald.co.nz/environment/news/article.cfm?c_id=39&objectid=10569629>

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Importance of finding local answers to natural hazards. New Zealand Herald, June 20, 2008, page A9. <http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10517305>

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Data key for carbon scheme. New Zealand Herald, May 20, 2008, page A11. <http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10511174>

Leyland, B. and de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Natural Reactions: The global warming debate is far from settled. New Zealand Listener, Vol. 213, No. 3545, April 19-25, 2008, page 30. < http://www.listener.co.nz/issue/3545/features/10881/natural_reactions.html>

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Tuvalu floods, but it’s not sinking. New Zealand Herald, 19 March, 2008, page A19. <http://www.nzherald.co.nz/environment/news/article.cfm?c_id=39&objectid=10498927>

de Freitas, C.R., 2008. Relying on sun's rays for vitamin D source puts eyes and skin in danger. New Zealand Herald, 11 February, page A15. < http://www.nzherald.co.nz/opinion/news/article.cfm?c_id=466&objectid=10491663>

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. Don’t blame me for the heat: Is there verifiable evidence that human actions have dangerously affected or will affect global climate? The New Zealand Herald, 27 November, 2007, page A15. <http://www.nzherald.co.nz/environment/news/article.cfm?c_id=39&objectid=10478445>

de Freitas, C.R. and McShane, O., 2007. Four reasons to change climate policy direction: The answer is to focus on developing clean energy and low-emissions technology. The National Business Review, 9 November, 2007, page 18.

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. What if the Earth is actually cooling? The National Business Review, 20 July, 2007, page 43.

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. Lessons to be learned from flooded Kaeo. The New Zealand Herald, 20 July, 2007, page A19.

de Freitas, C.R., 2006. Review of ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ “How Al Gore distorts science and spreads speculation”. The National Business Review, 10 November, 2006, page 39. < http://www.nbr.co.nz/home/column_article.asp?id=16692&cid=39&cname=>

de Freitas, C.R., 2006. Unseen enemy in exhaust: Don’t confuse air quality and greenhouse gases. The New Zealand Herald, October 20, 2006, page A13. <http://tinyurl.com/y9hpdv>

de Freitas, C.R., 2006. Evidence must prevail [in global warming debate]. The New Zealand Herald, 9 May, 2006, page A11. <http://www.nzherald.co.nz/search/print.cfm?c_id=&storyid=0002DBD9-CC04-145E-8A3783027AF10257>

de Freitas, C.R., 2006. Consensus science doesn’t work. The National Business Review, 7 April, page 29. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2006. Keep a weather eye on climate change: Climate statistics cannot just be taken at face value. The New Zealand Herald, 16 January, page A11. < http://www.nzherald.co.nz/>

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Precious caves at risk in legislative vacuum. The New Zealand Herald, 21 November, 2005, A11. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Mood shifts over climate change. The National Business Review, 11 November, 2005, page 43. http://www.nbr.co.nz

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Is global warming causing more destructive hurricanes worldwide? The New Zealand Herald, 27 September, 2005, page A11. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Nature is not the only culprit in natural disasters. The New Zealand Herald, 14 September, 2005, ‘Perspectives’ article, page A20. http://www.nzherald.co.nz

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Climate change policy needs radical review. (Climate change doomsayers push non-existent problem.) The National Business Review, 24 June, 37. 2005, http://www.nbr.co.nz/

Leyland, Bryan and de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Carbon taxes are just a money maker for Governments. The New Zealand Herald, 11 May, 2005, page A17. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Emissions make most of us fume: Government inaction over vehicle exhausts. The New Zealand Herald, 2 May, 2005, page A15. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. The Kyoto Protocol takes effect: Meanwhile New Zealand’s energy consumption keeps on going up. The New Zealand Herald, 16 February, 2005, page A9. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. No coast safe from wave of destruction: Tsunami are a much under-rated and misunderstood natural hazard. The New Zealand Herald, 4 January, page A9. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/search/search.cfm?kw1=chris%20de%20freitas&kw2=&thesection=&period=week&op=all&searchorder=2

de Freitas, C.R., 2004. Key issues in the scientific debate on global warming. Power Engineer, Institution of Electrical Engineers, UK, 6p, December. ISSN: 1479-8344.

de Freitas, C.R., 2004. Predicted gains from selling surplus carbon credits globally. The National Business Review, 5 November, page 18. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2004. Future electricity shortages: wind versus coal as energy alternatives. The New Zealand Herald, 2 April, page A13. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2004. Outcast scientist vindicated on environment book. Perspectives, No. 45 March 2004, New Zealand Business Roundtable. http://www.nzbr.org.nz/documents/perspectives/perspectives-2004/Issue45.pdf

de Freitas, C.R., 2004. Outcast scientist vindicated on environment book. The National Business Review, 30 January, page 17. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2004. UV radiation intensities in New Zealand and the relative merits of schemes for reporting them: ‘Burn Time Index best under the sun.’ The New Zealand Herald, 8 January, page A11. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Global warming - Just a lot of hot air? Beyond the Farm Gate, Christchurch New Zealand, October, 2003.

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Russians say sayonara to Kyoto Protocol. The National Business Review, 24 October, page 39. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Global warming – Just a lot of hot air? AgLetter, 29 September, Barker and Associates (Wai) Ltd, 2-3.

de Freitas, C.R. and J. Palutikof, 2003. Comment & Analysis - Take two (debate): Hot enough for you?. The Guardian (UK), 16 August, page 20. http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,3604,1019851,00.html

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Global climate change so ‘dreadful’ it is grimly ignored. The National Business Review, 18 July, page 22. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. New Zealand missing targets in bid to curb greenhouse gases. The New Zealand Herald, 15 July, page A13. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Sun drives climate change. The National Business Review, 4 July, page 59. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Europeans hoist on petard of Kyoto targets and New Zealand unlikely to meet emission goals either. The National Business Review, 30 May, page 24. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Lack of policy not rain creates electricity crisis. The National Business Review, page 9 May, 21. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Economists attack the basis for IPCC projections of future climate. The National Business Review, 28 February, page 16. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Time runs short on Iraq: climate and its affect on the war calendar. The National Business Review, 14 February, page 21. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2003. Evidence explodes climatic extremes myth. The National Business Review, 24 January, page 16. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. The on-going decline in carbon dioxide questions the need for Kyoto. The National Business Review, 29 November, page 14. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Farmers must adapt to perceived risks of drought. The New Zealand Herald, 8 October, page A13. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Managing the flood hazard: the implications of rewarding flood-risk landowners with relief. The National Business Review, 4 October, page 20. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Pressures of increasing energy use forces Britain’s hands on Kyoto. The National Business Review, 16 August page 13. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Government chooses Kyoto over curbing excessive air pollution. The National Business Review, 17 May, page 18. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Global warming plays no part in melting. The National Business Review, 5 April, 17. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2002. Tuvalu rising tide threat could swamp global warming theory. The National Business Review, 22 March, 20. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2001. Eight things the government won't tell you about the Kyoto Protocol. The National Business Review, 14 December, page 20. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2001. Eight things the government won't tell you about the Kyoto Protocol. The National Business Review, 14 December, page 20. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R. and Andreas Matzarakis, 2001. Climate, Tourism and Recreation. Report of a Conference Held at Porto Carras, Neos Marmaras, Halkidiki, Greece, 5 -10 October 2001. International Society of Biometeorology, Commission on Climate, Tourism and Recreation, 12 pp.

Schmekal, A.A. and de Freitas, C.R., 2001. Condensation in Glow-worm Cave, Waitomo, New Zealand: Management Guidelines. DOC Science Internal Series 15, Department of Conservation, Wellington, 1-12.

de Freitas, C.R., 2001. Diplomacy wins over science at the Bonn greenhouse gas conference. The National Business Review, 3 August, 20. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. The strange science of ‘Greenhouse Guessing’. The Resources Letter, Vol. 8, No. 3, pages 15-16.

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Global warming theory in dispute: Changing attitudes to international commitments. The Evening Post, 13 December, 5.

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Reasons underlying the failure of the global climate treaty meeting at The Hague in November 2000: Disagreement on tradeoffs between the economic and environmental risks involved. The National Business Review (contributed article), 1 December, 29. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Carbon sequestration is a short term solution only: Flaws in the Government’s plan to meet environmental obligations by increased forest planting. The New Zealand Herald, 11 August, page A13. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Damage to the Waitomo caves: A case for legislation to protect and care for the nation’s caves. The New Zealand Herald, 15 June, A17.  http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Ten myths about global warming. The National Business Review, 9 June, page 24. http://www.nbr.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Urban air quality in New Zealand: A case for vehicle emission controls. The New Zealand Herald, 13 March, page A17. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Doomsday guessing: lessons learned from Y2K bug and global warming scares. The New Zealand Herald, 14 January, page A9. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 2000. Greenhouse: a diversion from environmental needs. PESA Bulletin, 12.99/01.00, pages 57-60.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. Emergency management planning in Auckland: water supply and transport. The New Zealand Herald, 21 December, page A19. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. Rationale for Monitoring the Ruakuri Cave Environment and Deatiled Recommendations. Report for APR Consultants and New Zealand Glowworm Caves Ltd. Auckland UniServices Ltd, Auckland, August 1999.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. Global climate implications of falling carbon emissions. National Business Review, 17 September, 32.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999. Global warming: How serious are the risks? Science Update. In: Climate Change – Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. New Zealand Institute of International Affairs, Wellington. pages 22-31.

de Freitas, C.R., 1999.  Science under siege. The New Zealand Herald, 11 March, A15.

Williams, P.W., C.R. de Freitas, I. Millar, T. Worthy, B. Hurst and P. Crossley, 1999: The Current State of the Ruakuri Cave Environment. Report for New Zealand Glowworm Caves Ltd. Auckland UniServices Ltd, Auckland, December 1998, 37p.

de Freitas, C.R. and A.M Fowler,  1998. Filling methodological gaps in climate change impact assessment; examples from the South Pacific region. Climate and Environmental Change. International Geographical Union, Commission on Climatology (extended abstracts), Edited by Maria João Alcoforado, António Lopes, Henrique Andrade and Marcelo Fragoso, Edições Colibri, Lisbon, 53-54.

de Freitas, C.R.,  1998. The Myth of Global Warming: Misinterpretation of events in the climate record and significance for policymaking. National Business Review, 14 August, 34‑35.

de Freitas, C.R., 1998. Scientific information used as proof of enhanced greenhouse warming: a critical assessment. The New Zealand Herald, 29 July, page A15.

de Freitas, C.R., 1998. Approaches to flood hazard assessment: practical and policy measures affecting impact. The New Zealand Herald, 20 July, A13.

de Freitas, C. R., 1998.  Microclimate and Related Environmental Conditions in the Glowworm Cave, Waitomo: January 1994 to June 1997. Report to  Waitomo Caves Ltd. and Tourism Holdings, Auckland UniServices Ltd., Auckland, 75 pp.

de Freitas, C.R., 1998. The Marlborough drought: a stern lesson on current attitudes to climate and use of climate resources in New Zealand. The New Zealand Herald, 9 February, page 11.

de Freitas, C.R. 1997.  The science of global warming as a basis for and justification of the Kyoto World Climate Conference and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. National Business Review, 5 December, pp. 24-26.

de Freitas, C.R., 1997.  Global warming: is there really all that much cause for alarm? The New Zealand Herald, 26 November, A15.

de Freitas, C.R., 1997.  Report and Recommendations to the New Zealand Ministry for the Environment on the Conference on the World Climate Research Programme: Benefits and Challenges, Geneva, Switzerland, 26-28 August 1997. Ministry of Research, Science and Technology, Wellington, New Zealand.

de Freitas, C.R., 1997. Monitoring and Management of the Glowworm Cave, Waitomo.. Report to Tourism Holdings Ltd, the Waitomo Caves Management Committee and Department of Conservation. UniServices, Auckland, 27pp.

de Freitas, C.R. 1996.  The scientific basis for the climate warming policy debate: a critical assessment of the Report of the Government Working Group on `Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide Policy'. National Business Review, 22 July, p. 18.

de Freitas, C.R., 1996. The 1995 IPCC Climate Change Report and Detailed Scientific Assessments of Global Warming. The New Zealand Herald, 30/5, Section 1, 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995.  The politics of taking carbon from the air. The Dominion, 28/6, 8.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995. Carbon dioxide controversy. The Zealand Science Monthly, Vol 6, No. 5, 2.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995. Can plantation forests counteract increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide? National Business Review, 2/6, Vol 25, No. 59, 14.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995. Carbon dioxide emission controls: What is the cost? The New Zealand Science Monthly, Vol 6, No. 4, 13-14.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995. The scientific basis for the carbon sink ruling on the establishment of the Stratford Power Station. National Business Review, 21/4, Vol 25, No. 57, 14.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995. New perspectives on the global warming debate. The Dominion, 16/3, 8.

de Freitas, C.R., 1995. The scientific basis and reliability of predictions of global warming. The New Zealand Herald, 27/2, Section 1, 8.

de Freitas, C.R., 1994. Climate and the water crisis: an assessment of Auckland's drought. The New Zealand Herald, 1/7, Section 1, 8.

de Freitas, C.R., 1992. Climate change bandwagon.  National Business Review, 8/5, Vol 23, No. 16, 47.

de Freitas, C.R. and A.M. Fowler, 1991. Methodological gaps in climate change impact assessment and significance for response planning.  Urban Planning, Transport and Pollution, Macquarie University, Climatic Impacts Centre Workshop Report, Sydney, 12pp.

de Freitas, C.R., 1990. Global warming: blight or blessing.  The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 15/12.

de Freitas, C.R., 1989.  Climate of opinion.  NZ Listener, 123, 4 March, 24.

de Freitas, C.R., 1987.  Hot times ahead.  NZ Listener, 115, 17, 14 February.

de Freitas, C.R., 1986.  Inside the universities.  A summary of recent work in meteorology and climatology in New Zealand universities.  Weather and Climate, 6, 84‑87.

de Freitas, C.R., 1985.  Climate of disaster.  NZ Listener, 110, 15 June, 30‑31.

de Freitas, C.R., 1985.  Inside the universities.  A summary of recent work in meteorology and climatology in New Zealand universities.  Weather and Climate, 5, 35‑37.

de Freitas, C.R. and N. Chappaz, 1984.  Modelling irrigation requirements for Auckland's soils.  Water in the Soil‑Plant‑Atmosphere System, 29, 5.

de Freitas, C.R. and A. Fowler, 1984.  Kauri growth rings and soil moisture.  Water in the Soil‑Plant‑Atmosphere System, 29, 1.

de Freitas, C.R., 1983.  Inside the universities.  Recent work in meteorology and climatology in the New Zealand universities.  Weather and Climate, 3, 72‑75.

de Freitas, C.R., 1982.  The Cave Atmosphere.  Waitomo Caves Scientific Research Programme, Final Report, 13‑16, 37‑39.

de Freitas, C.R., 1982.  Inside the universities.  A summary of recent work in meteorology and climatology in the New Zealand universities.  Weather and Climate, 2, 37‑39.

 

Reviews

de Freitas, C.R., 2009. Review of “Tourism and Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,17:5, 640-642. DOI: 10.1080/09669580902775000. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669580902775000

de Freitas, C.R., 2007. The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change. Andrew E Dessler and Edward A Parson, Cambridge University Press, 250pp, 2005. Weather and Climate 27, 77-82.

de Freitas, C.R., 2005. Natural Hazards. Edward Bryant, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005, pp. 312. Weather and Climate, 25, 71-72.

de Freitas, C.R., 1998. Climate Process and Change. Edward Bryant, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 209pp. New Zealand Geographer, 54 (1), 65.

de Freitas C.R., 1997.  Climate change 1995 - economic and social dimensions of climate change: contribution of Working Group III to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Bruce, James P., Hoesung Lee and Haites, Erik F. (editors). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 448 pp. Progress in Physical Geography 612-614 (4).

de Freitas C.R. 1996  The Earth as Transformed by Human Action, B.L. Turner, W.C. Clark, R.W. Kates, J.F. Richards, J.T. Mathews, W.B. Meyer (editors) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.  Progress in Physical Geography 20 (4), 502-503.

de Freitas C.R., 1996.  Interactions of Desertification and Climate, Martin A.J. Williams and Robert C. Balling Jr, Arnold, London. Progress in Physical Geography 20 (4), 507‑508.

de Freitas C.R. 1996.  Valuing Climate Change: The Economics of the Greenhouse, Samuel Fankhauser, Earthscan Publications, London. Progress in Human Geography 20, (1), 140-141.

de Freitas C.R., 1995.  The Environment as Hazard (second edition), I. Burton, R.W. Kates and G.F. White, Guilford Press and Longman, New York. Progress in Physical Geography 19 (3), 408-409.

de Freitas, C.R., 1993.  Climate Change: Science, Impacts and Policy, J. Jager and H.L. Ferguson (editors), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Progress in Physical Geography, 17 (3), 380-381.

de Freitas, C.R., 1992.  Global Environmental Change: A Natural and Cultural Environmental History, A.M. Manion, Longman Scientific, New York.  Progress in Physical Geography, 16 (4), 497-498.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991. Taming the Great South Land,  William J.  Lines, Allen and Unwin, Sydney.  The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 16/11, (2), 8.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991. Blinded by the Light: The Secret Life of the Sun, John Gribbin, Bantam, Sydney.  The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 10/8, (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991.  When the Bough Breaks: Our Children, Our Environment, Lloyd Timberlake and Laura Thomas, Earthscan Publications, London. The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 4 May, (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991.  Planet Under Stress: The Challenge of Global Change, C. Mungall and D.J. McLaren (editors), Oxford University Press, Toronto.  The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 4/5, (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991. Spaceship Earth,  Nigel Calder, Viking, London.  The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 24/8, (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991.  It's a Matter of Survival, Anita Gordon and Davis Suzuki, Allen and Unwin, Sydney.  The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 4/5, (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991.  The Earthscan Action Handbook For People and Planet, Miles Litvinoff, Earthscan Publications, London. The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, May 4, (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991. The Greenhouse Trap: Why the Greenhouse Effect Will Not End Life on Earth. John Daly, Bantam, Sydney. The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 6/4 (2), 7.

de Freitas, C.R., 1991.  Environmental Politics: A Greenprint for New Zealand, Geoffrey Palmer, John McIndoe, Dunedin. The New Zealand Herald, Weekend Magazine, 2/3 (2), 6.

de Freitas, C.R., 1990. Ecological Economics:  The Journal of the International Society for Ecological Economics. Elsevier, Amsterdam. New Zealand Libraries, 46 (5), 25-26.

de Freitas, C.R., 1984. Weather and Weather Maps.  H. Gosta (ed.), Birkhauser Verlag.  New Zealand Geographer, 40, 59.

de Freitas, C.R., 1983. Desertification.  A. Grainger, Earthscan.  New Zealand Environment, 39, 25.

de Freitas, C.R., 1979. Boundary Layer Climates, T.R. Oke, Methuen.  New Zealand Geographer, 35, 94.

 

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Graduate Students

Current Postgraduate Students

Amit Kokje (PhD) - Interpreting LIDAR data

Asieh Motazedian, (PhD) - The influence of densification on parks cooling effect: a case study on urban green spaces in Melbourne

Louis Boamponsem (PhD) - Air pollution source apportionment modeling using lichens and chemometrics

Ning Li (PhD) - On the climatology, variability and trends of water vapour flux over the Southern Hemisphere, and its association with modes of atmospheric circulations and large scale oceanatmosphere interactions

Matt Gillies (MSc) - Management of carbon dioxide and evaporation concentrations in tourist caves

 

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